Dancing in Chile to protest dictatorship disappearances

In this Sept. 5, 2016 photo, Violeta Zuniga, 83, performs Chile's national dance, called the cueca, wearing around her neck a photograph of her partner who disappeared during the country’s military dictatorship, at a school in Santiago, Chile. It’s a dance for couples often performed during the national holidays, but Zuniga has been dancing it alone for nearly 40 years to mourn and protest the forced disappearance of her partner during Gen. Augusto Pinochet’s 1973-1990 rule. (AP Photo/Esteban Felix)
In this Sept. 8, 2016 photo, high school students visit an exhibit ahead of the upcoming 43rd anniversary of the Sept. 11, 1973 bloody coup that brought Gen. Augusto Pinochet to power, at the National Stadium, a place that was used as interrogation center and place of torture of detainees, in Santiago, Chile. In all, 40,018 people were killed, tortured or imprisoned for political reasons. The government estimates that 3,095 were killed during Pinochet's dictatorship, including about 1,200 who were forcibly disappeared. (AP Photo/Esteban Felix)
In this Sept. 5, 2016 photo, Violeta Zuniga searches through pictures and clippings, including a photocopy of her dancing with British musician Sting in Santiago, Chile. Zuniga is among the women British pop singer Sting told of in his 1987 protest song, “They Dance Alone.” Zuniga, now 83, has been performing Chile’s national dance for nearly 40 years to protest her partner’s disappearance during the country’s military dictatorship. (AP Photo/Esteban Felix)
This Sept. 7, 2016 photo shows the shoes of Violeta Zuniga after her dance performance at a school in Santiago, Chile. Zuniga is part of a group of women who British pop singer Sting once dedicated the song, “They Dance Alone.” On Sunday, she will once again dance alone to the cueca, Chile's national dance, while waving a white handkerchief with only one word embroidered on it: “Justice.” The performance will mark the 43rd anniversary of the Sept. 11, 1973 bloody coup that brought Pinochet to power. (AP Photo/Esteban Felix)
In this Sept. 5, 2016 photo, Violeta Zuniga cradles her dog Garzon at her home in Santiago, Chile. Zuniga, whose partner was disappeared in 1976, lives alone with her dog named after Spanish jurist Baltasar Garzon who gained global reputation for going after Gen. Augusto Pinochet in the 1990’s. (AP Photo/Esteban Felix)
In this Sept. 5, 2016 photo, Violeta Zuniga, 83, gives an interview at her home in Santiago, Chile. Zuniga, whose partner Pedro Silva Bustos, a mason and member of the Communist party who was disappeared in 1976, marches with the families of the disappeared in front of the presidential palace, and despite knee pains and her age, is determined to dance until her last breath. “I’m here because we have to keep searching for truth,” she said. “We have to keep searching for justice.” (AP Photo/Esteban Felix)
In this Sept. 5, 2016 photo, Violeta Zuniga, right, and Martha Perez, wearing photographs of their respective partners who were disappeared during Gen. Augusto Pinochet’s 1973-1990 rule and holding handkerchiefs, perform Chile's national dance the cueca at a school in Santiago, Chile. The courtship dance was first performed alone in public in 1978 to commemorate International Women’s Day. The handkerchief, which is traditionally used in the cueca, has become a symbol of mourning for the women who continue to search for their disappeared loved ones. (AP Photo/Esteban Felix)
In this Sept. 5, 2016 photo, Violeta Zuniga, 83, right, and Martha Perez, 80, members of the "Cueca Sola" dance group, talk before performing at a school in Santiago, Chile. The cueca is a courtship dance for couples often performed during the national holidays, but these seniors have been dancing the cueca alone for nearly 40 years to mourn and protest the forced disappearance of their partners during Gen. Augusto Pinochet’s 1973-1990 rule. (AP Photo/Esteban Felix)
In this Sept. 7, 2016 photo, Violeta Zuniga poses for a portrait covered in projected photographs of people who were detained and disappeared during Chile's dictatorship, including her partner, after performing at a school in Santiago, Chile. Zuniga gets around with a cane because of her knee problems, but nothing can keep the 83-year-old from performing Chile’s national dance to protest her partner’s disappearance during Gen. Augusto Pinochet’s 1973-1990 rule. (AP Photo/Esteban Felix)

SANTIAGO, Chile — Violeta Zuniga gets around with a cane because of her knee problems, but nothing can keep the 83-year-old from performing Chile's national dance to protest her partner's disappearance during the country's military dictatorship.

The cueca dance is performed by couples during Chile's national holidays, a source of celebration and pride for many in the South American country. But Zuniga has danced alone for nearly 40 years to mourn and protest the forced disappearance of her partner, Pedro Silva Bustos, during Gen. Augusto Pinochet's 1973-1990 rule.

Zuniga is among the women British pop singer Sting told of in his 1987 protest song, "They Dance Alone."

"Why are there women here dancing on their own?" Sting asked in the song. "Why is there this sadness in their eyes?"

Sting invited Zuniga and other women from her group to dance on stage during an Amnesty International concert in Argentina in 1988. They also performed with singers Peter Gabriel and Sinead O'Connor before more than 70,000 people in Chile's National Stadium in 1990.

Zuniga will dance alone to the cueca on Sunday, the 43rd anniversary of the Sept. 11, 1973 bloody coup that brought Pinochet to power. She'll wear a picture of her partner around her neck and wave a white handkerchief embroidered with one word: "Justice."

"You never want to give up the search," Zuniga said of Silva Bustos, a mason and Communist Party member who was disappeared in 1976.

In all, 40,018 people were killed, tortured or imprisoned for political reasons. The government estimates that 3,095 were killed during Pinochet's dictatorship, including about 1,200 who were forcibly disappeared.

The performance of the cueca by women without partners was first performed in public in 1978 to commemorate International Women's Day. The handkerchief, traditionally used in the courtship dance, has become a symbol of mourning for the women who continue to search for their disappeared loved ones.

Today, Zuniga lives alone but for her dog "Garzon," named after Spanish jurist Baltasar Garzon, who gained a global reputation for going after Pinochet in the 1990s. Pinochet died in 2006 under house arrest, never tried on charges of illegal enrichment and human rights violations.

Just a handful of women are left in the folkloric dance group; most have died or retired. But Zuniga keeps marching with the families of the disappeared in front of the presidential palace. Despite her aches and age, she is determined to dance until her last breath.

"I'm here because we have to keep searching for truth," she said. "We have to keep searching for justice."

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