Study links global warming to rise in waterborne illnesses

FILE - In this Monday, Sept. 12, 2013 file photo, an oyster cultivator holds oyster seed before spreading it into the waters of Duxbury Bay in Duxbury, Mass. A study published Monday, Aug. 8, 2016 connects rising temperatures to increasing rates of several waterborne diseases. About a dozen species of vibrio bacteria make people sick from eating raw or undercooked seafood, particularly oysters, or drinking or swimming in tainted water. (AP Photo/Stephan Savoia)

WASHINGTON — Rising global temperatures are clearly linked to increasing waterborne food poisoning, particularly from eating raw oysters, along with other nasty infections, a new study shows.

About a dozen species of vibrio (VIB'-ree-oh) bacteria make people sick from eating raw or undercooked seafood or drinking or swimming in tainted water. It also causes cholera, although that was not the focus of the research.

Lab-confirmed vibrio infections in the United States have increased from an average of about 390 a year from the late 1990s to an average of 1,030 in recent years, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. But most cases aren't confirmed by tests and reported.

"It's a remarkable increase on an annual basis," said study lead author Rita Colwell of the University of Maryland, a top microbiologist who used to head the National Science Foundation.

The study examined Europe and North America, but the most consistent tracking of vibrio illnesses were in the United States. The CDC blames about 100 deaths a year on vibrio on average.

Even Alaska, where such outbreaks used to be unheard of because the bacteria needs warm water, is getting cases from people eating vibrio-infected oysters, Colwell said. Her study, published in Monday's Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences , highlights an unprecedented wave of vibrio illnesses from swimming in northern Europe during heat waves in 1994, 1997, 2003, 2006 and 2010.

Until now, researchers had indirectly linked climate change to an increase in illnesses from the bacteria, Colwell said. Using DNA, a 50-year database of plankton, water temperatures and disease reports, she shows a more comprehensive connection.

"Now we have linked very directly the increase and the trend in number of cases, so it's all coming together in great detail," Colwell said.

With the giant database of plankton and DNA, the international team of scientists was able to monitor how pervasive the vibrio bacteria have become in waterways around the world by creating an index. The index doesn't show the number of vibrio, but its relative abundance, said study author Luigi Vezzulli of the University of Genoa. That index has about tripled in many of the areas they examined, including the North Atlantic.

That type of examination of vibrio levels in plankton hasn't been done before and "is critical to understand the regional scale of changes in climate to potential increases in human risk," said Erin Lipp, a University of Georgia, professor of environmental health sciences. She wasn't part of the study but praised it as exciting and important.

___

Online:

Journal: http://www.pnas.org

___

Follow Seth Borenstein at http://twitter.com/borenbears and his work can be found at http://bigstory.ap.org/content/seth-borenstein

Must Read

Changes at Ralph Lauren come at cost investors are OK with

Aug 10, 2016

Ralph Lauren swung to a quarterly loss after the company spent heavily to turn itself around, but the damage was not as bad as many had expected its shares rocketed higher

Sheriff: Arkansas deputy dies in shooting

Aug 10, 2016

An Arkansas sheriff says a man who wanted to cause a "ruckus" before a court hearing shot and killed a sheriff's deputy Wednesday, and wounded a small-town police chief, before surrendering to other law enforcement officers surrounding his rural home

Police seek armed man accused of taking patient at gunpoint

Aug 10, 2016

Police are searching for a Pennsylvania man accused of threatening two nurses at gunpoint at a secure mental health care hospital so he could take off with his girlfriend, a patient

People also read these

Outburst of shooting stars up to 200 mph - meteors per hour

Aug 10, 2016

Get set for an outburst of shooting stars that could peak at up to 200 meteors per hour

Texas deputy fatally shot at his home was facing foreclosure

Aug 10, 2016

A Texas sheriff's deputy who was killed by a bullet from his own gun outside his home late last month had been facing foreclosure

Executive producer open to more 'Parenthood' in the future

Aug 10, 2016

Executive producer Jason Katims says he's open to more storytelling about the Braverman family at the center of his former NBC drama, 'Parenthood.'