UN court orders Pakistan not to execute Indian national

Moazzam Ahmad Khan, head of Pakistan's delegation and ambassador, second right, and Dr. Deepak Mittal, joint secretary of India's Ministry of External Affairs, front row third from left, wait for judges to enter and read the World Court's verdict in The Hague, Netherlands, Thursday, May 18, 2017. India took Pakistan to the United Nations' highest court in an attempt to save the life of an Indian naval officer sentenced to death last month by a Pakistani military court after being convicted of espionage. (AP Photo/Peter Dejong)
Presiding judge Ronny Abraham of France, right, enters to read the World Court's verdict in the case brought by India against Pakistan in The Hague, Netherlands, Thursday, May 18, 2017. India took Pakistan to the United Nations' highest court in an attempt to save the life of an Indian naval officer sentenced to death last month by a Pakistani military court after being convicted of espionage. (AP Photo/Peter Dejong)
Moazzam Ahmad Khan, head of Pakistan's delegation and ambassador, second right, and Dr. Deepak Mittal, joint secretary of India's Ministry of External Affairs, front row third from left, wait for judges to enter and read the World Court's verdict in The Hague, Netherlands, Thursday, May 18, 2017. India took Pakistan to the United Nations' highest court in an attempt to save the life of an Indian naval officer sentenced to death last month by a Pakistani military court after being convicted of espionage. (AP Photo/Peter Dejong)
Moazzam Ahmad Khan, head of Pakistan's delegation and ambassador, right, and Dr. Deepak Mittal, joint secretary of India's Ministry of External Affairs, front row third from left, wait for judges to enter and read the World Court's verdict in The Hague, Netherlands, Thursday, May 18, 2017. India took Pakistan to the United Nations' highest court in an attempt to save the life of an Indian naval officer sentenced to death last month by a Pakistani military court after being convicted of espionage. (AP Photo/Peter Dejong)
Moazzam Ahmad Khan, head of Pakistan's delegation and ambassador to the Netherlands, makes a brief statement after hearing the World Court's verdict in The Hague, Netherlands, Thursday, May 18, 2017. India took Pakistan to the United Nations' highest court in an attempt to save the life of an Indian naval officer sentenced to death last month by a Pakistani military court after being convicted of espionage. (AP Photo/Peter Dejong)
Moazzam Ahmad Khan, head of Pakistan's delegation and ambassador to the Netherlands, makes a brief statement after hearing the World Court's verdict in The Hague, Netherlands, Thursday, May 18, 2017. India took Pakistan to the United Nations' highest court in an attempt to save the life of an Indian naval officer sentenced to death last month by a Pakistani military court after being convicted of espionage. (AP Photo/Peter Dejong)
Moazzam Ahmad Khan, head of Pakistan's delegation and ambassador, right, and Dr. Deepak Mittal, joint secretary of India's Ministry of External Affairs, front row third from left, wait for judges to enter and read the World Court's verdict in The Hague, Netherlands, Thursday, May 18, 2017. India took Pakistan to the United Nations' highest court in an attempt to save the life of an Indian naval officer sentenced to death last month by a Pakistani military court after being convicted of espionage. (AP Photo/Peter Dejong)
Friends of Indian naval officer Kulbhushan Jadhav celebrate the International Court of Justice order on Jadhav as they gather near a portrait of him in Mumbai, India, Thursday, May 18, 2017. The U.N. court on Thursday ordered Pakistan not to execute the Indian naval officer convicted of espionage and terrorism, in a case that has further strained relations between the Asian neighbors. (AP Photo/Rajanish Kakade)
Presiding judge Ronny Abraham of France, center, reads the World Court's verdict in the case brought by India against Pakistan in The Hague, Netherlands, Thursday, May 18, 2017. India took Pakistan to the United Nations' highest court in an attempt to save the life of an Indian naval officer sentenced to death last month by a Pakistani military court after being convicted of espionage. (AP Photo/Peter Dejong)
Presiding judge Ronny Abraham of France, center, reads the World Court's verdict in the case brought by India against Pakistan in The Hague, Netherlands, Thursday, May 18, 2017. India took Pakistan to the United Nations' highest court in an attempt to save the life of an Indian naval officer sentenced to death last month by a Pakistani military court after being convicted of espionage. (AP Photo/Peter Dejong)
Presiding judge Ronny Abraham of France, right, enters to read the World Court's verdict in the case brought by India against Pakistan in The Hague, Netherlands, Thursday, May 18, 2017. India took Pakistan to the United Nations' highest court in an attempt to save the life of an Indian naval officer sentenced to death last month by a Pakistani military court after being convicted of espionage. (AP Photo/Peter Dejong)
Friends of Indian naval officer Kulbhushan Jadhav celebrate the International Court of Justice order on Jadhav with sweets in Mumbai, India, Thursday, May 18, 2017. The U.N. court on Thursday ordered Pakistan not to execute the Indian naval officer convicted of espionage and terrorism, in a case that has further strained relations between the Asian neighbors. (AP Photo/Rajanish Kakade)
Dr. Deepak Mittal, joint secretary of India's Ministry of External Affairs, third from left, and Moazzam Ahmad Khan, head of Pakistan's delegation and ambassador, second right, wait for judges to enter and read the World Court's verdict in The Hague, Netherlands, Thursday, May 18, 2017. India took Pakistan to the United Nations' highest court in an attempt to save the life of an Indian naval officer sentenced to death last month by a Pakistani military court after being convicted of espionage. (AP Photo/Peter Dejong)
Dr. Deepak Mittal, joint secretary of India's Ministry of External Affairs, right, waits for judges to enter and read the World Court's verdict in The Hague, Netherlands, Thursday, May 18, 2017. India took Pakistan to the United Nations' highest court in an attempt to save the life of an Indian naval officer sentenced to death last month by a Pakistani military court after being convicted of espionage. (AP Photo/Peter Dejong)
Dr. Deepak Mittal, joint secretary of India's Ministry of External Affairs, left, and Moazzam Ahmad Khan, head of Pakistan's delegation and ambassador, second right, wait for judges to enter and read the World Court's verdict in The Hague, Netherlands, Thursday, May 18, 2017. India took Pakistan to the United Nations' highest court in an attempt to save the life of an Indian naval officer sentenced to death last month by a Pakistani military court after being convicted of espionage. (AP Photo/Peter Dejong)
Dr. Deepak Mittal, joint secretary of India's Ministry of External Affairs, left, and Moazzam Ahmad Khan, head of Pakistan's delegation and ambassador, second right, wait for judges to enter and read the World Court's verdict in The Hague, Netherlands, Thursday, May 18, 2017. India took Pakistan to the United Nations' highest court in an attempt to save the life of an Indian naval officer sentenced to death last month by a Pakistani military court after being convicted of espionage. (AP Photo/Peter Dejong)

THE HAGUE, Netherlands — The International Court of Justice on Thursday ordered Pakistan not to execute an Indian naval officer convicted of espionage and terrorism, a case that has further strained relations between the Asian neighbors.

The officer, Kulbhushan Jadhav, was convicted in Pakistan and sentenced to death on April 10. The U.N. court ruled unanimously that Pakistan shouldn't put Jadhav to death until India's allegation that Pakistan breached his right to consular assistance is legally resolved.

"Pakistan shall take all measures at its disposal to ensure that Mr. Jadhav is not executed," court President Ronny Abraham said at a hearing in the ornate Great Hall of Justice in The Hague.

India welcomed the ruling.

"I personally was very relieved and I'm sure every Indian is relieved to hear this order," Indian Ministry of External Affairs spokesman Gopal Baglay said.

Baglay said it means that until the court issues a final decision in the case, "Sri Kulbhushan Jadhav cannot be executed by Pakistan."

Jadhav's friends and family in the city of Mumbai celebrated the decision by setting off firecrackers and distributing candy.

Pakistan and India have a history of bitter relations, and Jadhav's death sentence has further strained ties.

Pakistan sought to play down the significance of the order, saying in a written statement that, "the court's decision today has not changed the status of Commander Jadhav's case in any manner."

The foreign ministry statement said Jadhav "still has ample time to petition for clemency."

In court on Monday, India called Jadhav's trial a "serious miscarriage of justice" because he wasn't allowed to see Indian diplomats or choose his own defense lawyer. Indian lawyers argued that the restrictions amounted to a breach of the 1963 Vienna Convention on Consular Relations.

Pakistan argued that Jadhav's rights weren't breached and that the court didn't need to issue an urgent order to stay his execution because it wasn't imminent.

A lawyer for Pakistan added that a bilateral agreement allows either country to decide on consular access in cases involving "political or security" issues.

Pakistani representative Mohammad Faisal on Monday showed judges a copy of an Indian passport he said Jadhav was carrying at the time of his detention. It bore the name Hussein Mubarak Patel, which was an "obvious indication of covert and illegal activity," Faisal said.

He said Jadhav "has confessed to having been sent by India to wage terror on the innocent civilians and infrastructure of Pakistan."

The case will take months or years to settle at the United Nations' highest judicial organ, so judges issued Thursday's order to ensure that Jadhav isn't executed before the case ends.

"I assure the nation that under the leadership of Prime Minister (Narendra) Modi we will leave no stone unturned" to save Jadhav, India's External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj tweeted.

Rulings by the court are final and binding on the countries involved.

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Associated Press writers Muneeza Naqvi In New Delhi, and Asif Shahzad In Islamabad, contributed to this report.

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A previous version of this story incorrectly stated that Moazzam Ahmad Khan is Pakistan's ambassador to the Netherlands. Khan is a former ambassador to the Netherlands and he is now Pakistan's ambassador to the United Arab Emirates.

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